(VI) المياه والصرف الصحي والنظافة (WASH)
ASDEF believe that water and sanitation is a major driver and catalyst of improving households’ incomes through food production, livestock keeping and environmental hygiene. Whether through digging village wells, installing rainwater collection systems on homes and community buildings, or providing water filters that remove 98% of germs, bacteria, and parasites at the household level, your gift ensures children and families are healthy and have safe, disease-free water for life. These efforts are in line with achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) in relation to water and sanitation. In the process of identifying the main constraints facing the realization of this goal, and in addressing water issues and crises afflicted in targeted areas, reliable water related data collection has become of paramount importance.
Access to safe, disease-free water is often a critical first step toward transformation for an entire community. (Water infrastructural development such Borehole, Protection and rehabilitation of traditional well, strengthening of traditional water management institutions) there is need to revise
The major issues and/or problems that communities grapple with pertaining to WASH include but not limited to long distance between water access points, unsatisfactory management of water resources and environment, low quality and quantity of water for both human and livestock consumption as well as limited access to sanitary facilities and waste disposal. The objective of the program is thus to ensure continuous access to sufficient portable water and ensure proper hygiene to the pastoralist communities in Northern Kenya through training and harnessing of various underground and surface water sources.
To achieve the above objectives, the following overall strategies shall be pursued by ASDEF:
- Strengthen community capacity on hygiene, sanitation and early warning system.
- Enhance networking and collaboration between key stakeholders in WASH.
- Careful balance between emergency and long-term development approaches/interventions
- Scenario planning through CMDRR approach for the target communities.
- Documentation, learning and experience sharing.
A number of projects broad activities shall be implemented during the various phases viz.
- I) Preparedness/Normalcy phase
- Capacity development of community, water user’s associations/management committees, water service providers on water, hygiene and sanitation and early warning systems.
- Construction and/or improvement of water structures e.g. tanks, boreholes, wells, dams, rock catchments, sand dams etc
- Conduct water resource mapping, establish and updating database.
- Water quality testing and improvement: testing
- Construction of sanitary facilities e.g. latrines.
- ii) Emergency phase
- Water trucking.
- Borehole repair and rehabilitation.
- Desilting/rehabilitation of water pans.
- Provision of fuel and service parts to boreholes and other water sources.